Plan de commentaire de: La controverse de Valladolid. This tract, a summary of a debate concerning the subjugation of Indians, contains the arguments of Bartolomé de Las Casas, the Bishop of Chiapas, Mexico, and Juan Gines Sepulveda, an influential Spanish philosopher, concerning the treatment of American Indians in the New World. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies (Spanish: Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias) is an account written by the Spanish Dominican friar Bartolomé de las Casas in 1542 (published in 1552) about the mistreatment of and atrocities committed against the indigenous peoples of the Americas in colonial times and sent to then Prince Philip II of Spain. The argument of Juan Gines de Sepulveda is that of negative feedback to what was experienced in the first encounter of the Spaniards and American Indians in the Sixteenth Century. He was probably the first person ordained as a priest in America, on either 1512 or 1513. by Bartolome de las Casas The Project Gutenberg EBook of A Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies, by Bartolome de las Casas This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. Bartolome de Las Casas, the Devastation of the Indies Essay Sample 10 October 2017 And of all the infinite existence of humanity. Bartolomé de Las Casas was an outspoken critic of the Spanish colonial government in the Americas. « Spain authorizes Coronado’s conquest in the Southwest, 1540, Secotan, an Algonquian village, ca. De Las Casas was a 16th-century historian, social reformer, and friar. Bartolomé de Las Casas (* 1484 oder 1485 in Sevilla; 18. Né à Séville, il participe d'abord à la colonisation des Amériques aux côtés de Nicolas de Ovando, lequel a remplacé Christophe Colomb à la tête de la colonie d'Hispaniola (Saint-Domingue) en 1502. Bartolome' de Las Casas left Spain in 1502 for the Caribbean, which was called the West Indies, where he became a hacendado of an encomienda (plantation) and a slave owner of native Americans. First contact experiences on Hispaniola included brutal interactions between the Spanish and the Native Americans. Bartolomé de Las Casas, above all, was a man capable of confronting his own sinfulness and being converted. Here is contained a dispute, or controversy between Bishop Friar Bartolomé de las Casas, or Casaus, formerly bishop of the royal city of Chiapa which is in the Indies, a part of New Spain, and Dr. Gines de Sepulveda, chronicler to the Emperor, our lord, in which the doctor contended: that the conquests of the Indies against the Indians were lawful; and the bishop, on the contrary, contended and affirmed them to have been, and it was impossible for them not to be, tyrannies, unjust and iniquitous. Bartolomé de Las Casas was born in 1484 in Sevilla, Spain. Among the early colonists in the Spanish Americas was a secular priest from Seville, Bartolomé de Las Casas. There is a scan of the pamphlet on google books: https://books.google.com/books?id=htZdAAAAcAAJ. The Indians had a name for Bartolomé de las Casas: "Father to the Indians." these people are the most transparent. Bartolome de Las Casas Essay Sample. He returned to Hispaniola in 1512 as the first ordained priest in the Americas and denounced the Spanish exploitation of the Indians and the military conquest of the New World. Bartolome de Las Casas (1484–1566), author of this text. Ici se trouve une dispute ou controverse entre l’évêque frère Bartolomé de Las Casas […] et le docteur Ginés Sepúlveda, chroniqueur de l’empereur. Bartolomé de las Casas ist ein Fernsehspiel des ORF von 1992. 3 Ibid. Sepulveda argued against Las Casas on behalf of the colonists’ property rights. In 1490 he saw for the first time in Seville the Spanish monarchs, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella. Which question was examined and defended in the presence of many learned theologians and jurists in a council ordered by his Majesty to be held in the year one thousand and five hundred and fifty in the town of Valladolid. Bartolomé de las Casas (1484 - 1566 AD) was a Spanish historian who went on to become the first resident Bishop of Chiapas as well as the “Protector of Indians.” The latter was an office within the Spanish colony and its task was to look after the wellbeing of the Native population. In short, Bartolome de Las Casas is an example of an early and very influential reformer, one who viewed Native Americans with empathy and humanity. His efforts to end the encomienda system of land ownership and forced labor culminated in 1550, when Charles V convened the Council of Valladolid in Spain to consider whether Spanish colonists had the right to enslave Indians and take their lands. Homme de foi et de convictions, le religieux dominicain Bartolomé de Las Casas a proclamé pour la première fois, il y a un demi-millénaire, l'universalité des droits de l'Homme. patient. Juli 1566 bei Madrid ) war ein spanischer Theologe, Dominikaner und Schriftsteller sowie der erste Bischof von Chiapas im heutigen Mexiko. […] Monsieur le docteur Sepúlveda a donc brièvement fondé son avis sur quatre raisons. La qual question se ventilo y disputo en presencia de muchos letrados theologos y juristas en una congregacion que mando su magestad juntar el año de mil y quinientos y cincuenta en la villa de Valladolid. For centuries, Las Casas's birthdate was believed to be 1474; however, in the 1970s, scholars conducting archival work demonstrated this to be an error, after uncovering in the Archivo General de Indias records of a contemporary lawsuit that demonstrated he was born a decade later than had been supposed. Conquistadors subjugated populations primarily to garner personal economic wealth, and Natives little understood the nature of the conquest. Sepulveda rationalized Spanish treatment of American Indians by arguing that Indians were “natural slaves” and that Spanish presence in the New World would benefit them. He became a doctrinero, lay teacher of catechism, and began evangelizing the indigenous people, whom the Spaniards called Indians. There is a transcript of the text (in Spanish) in the Ibero-American Electronic Text Series at the University of Wisconsin-Madison: https://uwdc.library.wisc.edu/collections/IbrAmerTxt/. La controverse de Valladolid est un débat qui opposa essentiellement le dominicain Bartolomé de Las Casas et le théologien Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda en deux. Apologetic History of the Indies This work is a more detailed reference to Bartolome's thoughts and ideas on the conversion of the Indians and the actions of the Spaniards. It had not always been so. Bartolomé de las Casas, sickened by the exploitation and physical degradation of the indigenous peoples in the Spanish colonies of the Caribbean, gave up his extensive land holdings and slaves and traveled to his homeland in Spain in 1515 to petition the Spanish Crown to stop the abuses that European colonists were inflicting upon the natives of the New World. Citing the Bible and canon law, Las Casas responded, “All the World is Human!” He contradicted Sepulveda’s assertions that the Indians were barbarous, that they committed crimes against natural law, that they oppressed and killed innocent people, and that wars should be waged against infidels. 1585 ». , Also translated and published in English as, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias, "Mirror of the Cruel and Horrible Spanish Tyranny Perpetrated in the Netherlands, by the Tyrant, the Duke of Alba, and Other Commanders of King Philip II", "CASAS: A SHORT ACCOUNT OF THE DESTRUCTION OF THE INDIES", Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies, Le Miroir de la Cruelle, & Horrible Tyrannie Espagnole Perpetree au Pays Bas, par le Tyran Duc de Albe, & Aultres Commandeurs de par le Roy Philippe le Deuxiesme, A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies, Historia verdadera de la conquista de la Nueva España, The Conquest of America: The Question of the Other, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=A_Short_Account_of_the_Destruction_of_the_Indies&oldid=993444434, History of indigenous peoples of North America, Spanish-language literature about Mesoamerica, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2011, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 17:18. … His brave stand against the horrors of the conquest and the colonization of the New World earned him the title “Defender of the Indigenous peoples." In 1502 he left for Hispaniola, the island that today contains the states of Dominican Republic and Haiti. Anthony Pagden (New York: Penguin Group Inc, 1992), xviii. Bartolomé de las Casas was born in Seville in 1484, on 11 November. Bartolomé de las Casas (US: / l ɑː s ˈ k ɑː s ə s / lahs KAH-səs; Spanish: [baɾtoloˈme ðe las ˈkasas] (); 11 November 1484 – 18 July 1566) was a 16th-century Spanish landowner, friar, priest, and bishop, famed as a historian and social reformer. Bartolomé de las Casas was one of the first major fighters for human rights in the New World. This empathetic attitude toward the Indians exposed Las Casas to much criticism from other Europeans. 2 Pages • 850 Vues. Plan Commentaire Controverse De Valladolid. Like many Spanish youth, he settled on a plantation where he enjoyed the forced labor of native conscripts. La première est la gravité des délits de ces gens [les Amérindiens], principalement l’idolâtrie et leurs autres péchés contre nature. It happened gradually, it happened at great cost, but it happened. A Dominican friar nurtured Las Casas’s interest in the priesthood as well as his sympathy toward the suffering of the native inhabitants. 1 Bartolomé de Las Casas, A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies, ed. and peace-loving. Las Casas came to Hispaniola, in the Caribbean, in 1502 with a land grant, ready to seek his fortune. Where might the full text of this document be found? To the contrary, he was following in conquistador footsteps. keeping no scores. The author of the extract is Bartolome de Las Casas, who is famous for his works in which he describes atrocities related to Indians. As early as 1522 Bartolome de Las Casas worked to denounce these activities on political, economic, moral, and religious grounds by chronicling the actions of the conquistadors … He found himself having to defend his perspective on the conquest often, yet his most noted antagonist was probably Juan Gines de Sepulveda. He arrived in Hispaniola as a layman then became a Dominican friar and priest. the most barren of evil and fraudulence. Bartolome De Las Casas: Protector of the Indians: By: Adam Pruitt: Home; Arrival in Hispaniola; Encomienda ; Montesinos; Chief Hatuey; Massacre of Caonao; Return to Europe; African Slave Trade; Debate with Sepulveda ; Publication; New Laws; Conclusion; Links; Las Casas and the Encomienda System. à Les indiens ont une âme et doivent être convertis.. Chapitre 3 p49 à 52 . Las Casas knew Christopher Columbus — his father and brother went with Columbus on his second voyage, and Bartolome edited Columbus’s travel journals. Bartolomé de Las Casas (1484-1576) was born in Seville, and, at age eighteen, left Spain for the New World where he took part in the colonization of Cuba. In 1509, Las Casas renounced his land grant, released his slaves, and returned to Rome to take his religious vows. Las Casas managed to convinced the theologians at Valladolid that the Spanish policy was unjust and had to change. ...Alyssa Curley Ex RR-10/01/10 The Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies Bartolomé De Las Casas describes many horrific actions carried out by Spanish Christians against Indians living on the island of The Hispaniola in between the mid-16th and early 17th century.Bartolome De Las Casas was a 16th century Spanish priest, made famous for his advocacy of the rights of Native Americans. However, his victory had no impact on the colonists, who continued to enslave American Indians. Año. Also, Sepulveda demonstrates through his opinion that war against the Indians is a rightful act due to the fact that the Indians are seen as lower beings. He participated in slave raids and military expeditions against the native populations of Hispaniola and Cuba. À la suite de la célèbre controverse avec Sepúlveda au sujet de la légitimité des guerres de conquête, Bartolomé de las Casas présente ses « Trente propositions très juridiques ». The subsequent interaction between the Spanish and the Tainos was organized and … Copyright © The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History 2009-2019. Bartolomé de las Casas was born in Sevilla Spain in 1484 to a farming and merchant family – a background that proved valuable in his understanding and critique of the effects of the conquest. 1552. The barbarity of the Spanish conquistadores shocked him, bringing about a conversion and entry into the Dominican order. Las Casas est un dominicain, pro indigène, homme de terrain, il veut évangéliser les indigènes. Also, Sepulveda demonstrates through his opinion that war against the Indians is a rightful act due to the fact that the Indians are seen as lower beings. He opposed people who wanted to depress Indians and insisted on the alteration of the attitude to them combined with the improvement of conditions under which they lived. This tract, a summary of a debate concerning the subjugation of Indians, contains the arguments of Bartolomé de Las Casas, the Bishop of Chiapas, Mexico, and Juan Gines Sepulveda, an influential Spanish philosopher, concerning the treatment of American Indians in the New World. The plan ended in disaster, but Las Casas did not give up. The argument of Juan Gines de Sepulveda is that of negative feedback to what was experienced in the first encounter of the Spaniards and American Indians in the Sixteenth Century. De las Casas… Las Casas was especially critical of the system of slavery in the West Indies. Year 1552. Again, Bartolome describes the Indians and their customs to compare it to the Europeans. Las Casas has been called the “father of anti-imperialism and anti-racism,” and he greatly influenced the drive to abolish the Spanish encomienda system. Bartolomé de Las Casas debates the subjugation of the Indians, 1550 | This tract, a summary of a debate concerning the subjugation of Indians, contains the arguments of Bartolomé de Las Casas, the Bishop of Chiapas, Mexico, and Juan Gines Sepulveda, an influential Spanish philosopher, concerning the treatment of American Indians in the New World. When he first traveled to Spanish America he was twenty-four years old and no priest. -Bartolome de las Casas. He acquired a landholding in Hispaniola where the indigenous Indians were required to work in return for protection and Christian instruction (the encomienda system). Bartolome de Las Casas 1205 Words | 3 Pages. Bartolomé de Las Casas (c. 1484–July 18, 1566) was a Spanish Dominican friar who became famous for his defense of the rights of the Indigenous peoples of the Americas. De 1550 à 1551, Las Casas soumet une défense soutenue des droits des Amérindiens à Valladolid, afin de contrer les arguments avancés par son adversaire de taille Sepúlveda. In 1515–16 he developed a plan for the reformation of the Indies with the help of religious reformer Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros. the most obedient and faithful to their native Masterss and to the Spanish Christians whom they serve. They are by nature the most low. Las Casas came to Hispaniola, in the Caribbean, in 1502 with a land grant, ready to seek his fortune. Aqui se contiene una disputa, o controversia: entre el Obispo don fray Bartholome de las Casas, o Casaus, obispo que fue de la ciudad Real de Chiapa, que es en las Indias, parte de la nueva España, y el doctor Gines de Sepulveda Coronista del Emperador nuestro señor: sobre que el doctor contendia: que las conquistas de las Indias contra los Indios eran licitas: y el obispo por el contrario defendio y affirmo aber sido y ser impossible no serlo: tiranicas, injustas y iniquas. Las Casas hielt sich ab 1502 zunächst als Kolonist in den neuen spanischen Besitzungen in Amerika auf und wurde ab 1514 einer der schärfsten und beachtetsten Kritiker der Conquista sowie Streiter für die Situation der Indios in den … 49 W. 45th Street, 2nd Floor • NYC, NY 10036, https://uwdc.library.wisc.edu/collections/IbrAmerTxt/, https://books.google.com/books?id=htZdAAAAcAAJ, The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. 2 Ibid., 19. And someday soon, he may be raised to the altars, not because he was always a good man, but because he wasn’t afraid of recognizing what was evil in him and doing the work (with God’s grace) to root it out. Darin wird der Disput von Valladolid von 1550 dargestellt.. Handlung.